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External IDsGeneCards: [1]
RefSeq (mRNA)



RefSeq (protein)



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Probable cation-transporting ATPase 13A2 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the ATP13A2 gene that is involved in the transport of divalent transition metal cations.[1][2][3] It appears to protect cells from manganese[4] and zinc toxicity,[5] possibly by causing cellular efflux and/or lysosomal sequestration. However, it potentiates the toxic effects of cadmium and nickel on developing neurites.[6]

Deficiency is associated with spastic paraplegia and Kufor-Rakeb syndrome, in which there is progressive parkinsonism with dementia.[7]


  1. Schultheis PJ, Hagen TT, O'Toole KK, Tachibana A, Burke CR, McGill DL, Okunade GW, Shull GE (October 2004). "Characterization of the P5 subfamily of P-type transport ATPases in mice". Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 323 (3): 731–8. doi:10.1016/j.bbrc.2004.08.156. PMID 15381061.
  2. Ramirez A, Heimbach A, Gründemann J, Stiller B, Hampshire D, Cid LP, Goebel I, Mubaidin AF, Wriekat AL, Roeper J, Al-Din A, Hillmer AM, Karsak M, Liss B, Woods CG, Behrens MI, Kubisch C (October 2006). "Hereditary parkinsonism with dementia is caused by mutations in ATP13A2, encoding a lysosomal type 5 P-type ATPase". Nature Genetics. 38 (10): 1184–91. doi:10.1038/ng1884. PMID 16964263.
  3. "Entrez Gene: ATP13A2 ATPase type 13A2".
  4. Tan J, Zhang T, Jiang L, Chi J, Hu D, Pan Q, Wang D, Zhang Z (August 2011). "Regulation of intracellular manganese homeostasis by Kufor-Rakeb syndrome-associated ATP13A2 protein". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 286 (34): 29654–62. doi:10.1074/jbc.M111.233874. PMC 3191006. PMID 21724849.
  5. Tsunemi T, Krainc D (June 2014). "Zn²⁺ dyshomeostasis caused by loss of ATP13A2/PARK9 leads to lysosomal dysfunction and alpha-synuclein accumulation". Human Molecular Genetics. 23 (11): 2791–801. doi:10.1093/hmg/ddt572. PMC 4014186. PMID 24334770.
  6. Podhajska A, Musso A, Trancikova A, Stafa K, Moser R, Sonnay S, Glauser L, Moore DJ (2012-06-29). "Common pathogenic effects of missense mutations in the P-type ATPase ATP13A2 (PARK9) associated with early-onset parkinsonism". PLoS One. 7 (6): e39942. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0039942. PMC 3386943. PMID 22768177.
  7. "OMIM Entry 610513 - ATPase, TYPE 13A2; ATP13A2". OMIM. Retrieved 2017-04-15.

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Further reading